3773 State Road
Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44223
Tel: (330) 922-5350
Toll-Free: (800) 257-4335
Fax: (330) 922-5387
Web site: http://www.alside.com
1100 New Construction
Vinyl Patio Door
DESIGN PRESSURE SGD-R20
THERMAL NFRC 100-97
||72 x 82
||72 x 96
Most appropriately used in the following
new construction projects:
Insulated Glass Unit with optimal air
space for year round performance
Weatherstripped Integral Interlock at
Extruded Nail Fin
Fully Weatherstripped for increased
Fusion-Welded Sash and Main Frame
Steel Reinforced Sash Members
Low Friction Adjustable Tandem Rollers
Screen and Four-Point Roller Adjustment
ClimaTech High Performance Insulated
Colonial Grids between the panes
Available in white or beige
Foot Vent Lock
Model 1100 New Construction patio
doors are available in 5, 6, 8 and 9 foot widths. With a fully fusion
welded mainframe and sash, the 1100 series patio door features a fully
extruded nail fin for easy installation. The new construction patio door
has full weather-stripping, including the integral interlock at the meeting
rails, for added protection against the elements.
Additional features include:
Extruded aluminum roller track.
Fully reversible unit.
AAMA: American Architectural
Manufacturers Association. A national trade association that establishes
voluntary standards for the window, door and skylight industry.
ASTM: American Society for
Testing and Materials. Organization that sets standards for the testing
IGCC: Insulating Glass Certification
Council. A non-profit organization which sponsors and directs a program
of periodic accelerated laboratory testing and unannounced plant inspections
to insure continuing product performance through specified standards.
NFRC: National Fenestration
Rating Council. A non-profit, public/private organization created by the
window, door and skylight industry. Their primary goal is to provide accurate
information to measure and compare the energy performance of window, door
and skylight products.
ENERGY STAR is a voluntary partnership between the U.S. Department of Energy,
the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the fenestration industry.
It is designed to assist consumers in the recognition of energy efficient
products and promote the environmental and economic benefits of these products
with the ENERGY STAR label and other program activities.
Explanation of Testing Data
To be a valid test, all of the
structural testing below must be witnessed by an independent third party
from an AAMA approved Test Laboratory. Once tested the Laboratory generates
a Test Report and sends it to the AAMA Administrator for certification.
The AAMA Administrator evaluates the data submitted and issues the Certification
for that particular product.
DESIGN PRESSURE (DP): Products
are designated by the design pressure for which they have been tested in
pounds per square foot. Design loads start at 15 psf for Residential,
25 psf for Light Commercial, 30 psf for Commercial, and 40 psf for
Heavy Commercial windows. Higher design loads are then optional. This
is also called the Performance Grade for that product. The actual structural
test pressure required by test standard for a product equals 1.5 times
the Design Pressure/Performance Grade. For example, an LC 30 Design Pressure/Performance
Grade for a light commercial test size window, will have to pass a structural
load test equal to 45 pounds per square foot (30 x 1.5 = 45 psf).
TEST SIZE: The windows are
tested based on minimum test sizes for their respective applications. The
windows are broken down into the following test classes which have been
prescribed minimum test sizes: Residential (R), Light Commercial (LC),
Commercial (C), Heavy Commercial (HC), and Architectural (AW).
AIR INFILTRATION: The Air
Infiltration Test is conducted with the test unit installed in a wood buck
and sealed to the structural test wall. The unit is tested with the sash(es)
closed and locked. The unit is then subjected to the equivalent of a 25-mph
wind load and the control panel measures the airflow through the window
assembly. The designation on the test report reads cfm/sq. ft., which translates
into cubic feet per minute per square foot of sash area. This is a pass/fail
test with 0.30 cfm/sq. ft. as the high end and anything over the number
(0.31 cfm/sq. ft. or higher) is a failure.
WATER: The Water Resistance
Test is performed after the Air Infiltration Test. The test is performed
by subjecting the window to a water spray of not less than 5 gallons per
hour per square foot and applying the desired test pressure (wind load).
The unit fails when the water overflows any part of the window and passes
the interior vertical plane of the window. The Water Resistance Test is
one of the major determining factors in the Grade Level of the window.
The window water resistance must be at least 15% of the desired Design
Pressure/Performance Grade. For example, an LC 30 product will have to
pass a water resistance test equal to 4.5 pounds per square foot (30 x
.15 = 4.5 psf).
STRUCTURAL LOAD: The Structural
Load Test follows the Water Test. The content of this test is subjecting
the window to various interior and exterior wind loads. An Exterior Load
is referred to as a positive load, which would be the wind hitting perpendicular
to the window from the outside of the structure and bowing the window inward.
An Interior Load is referred to as a negative load, which occurs when the
wind deflects off of a structure and creates a suction effect, bowing the
window outward. The window structural loads are tested to 1.5 times the
desired Design Pressure.
Thermally we simulate and test
our windows to the guidelines set forth by the NFRC. Testing is done by
a third party testing laboratory. Once the thermal simulations and validation
is completed, the third party test lab sends them to our NFRC Administrator,
which happens to be AAMA. There the data is analyzed, and if acceptable,
is given a certification number and is added to our product database.
Initially, we determine the content
of the product matrix, which includes extrusions and reinforcements, used
in the construction of the window, but more importantly the glazing options
to be offered. This data is then forwarded to the independent third party
test facility for simulations. The simulation process eliminates the need
to physically test all of the various glazing options available, such as
clear, low-e with argon, and Super Spacer. The computer simulates the window
by evaluating the construction of the sash and main frame and the air chambers
that comprise them. The particular glass option is then added to the equation
and the thermal conductance is tabulated from that model. All of the glazing
options are then inserted and the Product Matrix is constructed. Once established,
the best possible unit from the Matrix is built for actual physical testing.
The physical test window is sent to the test lab for Thermal Testing. The
unit is put into a two sided chamber in which one side is heated to 70
degrees F and the other is cooled to 0 degrees F. Thermocouples are attached
to the window in predetermined locations and the actual conductance of
BTUs is measured. This is where we get the U-Value of the window. U-Value
is the measure of the rate heat flows through a window. The lower the U-Value
the less heat a window will lose. The U-Value is the amount of heat, in
BTUs, that a window will lose by conduction, through each square foot
of window area for each degree temperature difference across the window.
If the U-value of the physical test unit is within 10% of the simulated
unit in the product matrix, then the simulations are validated and accepted
NFRC 200, 300, 301-97
After the window has been thermally
simulated the Test Lab runs a simulation for the windows Optical Properties.
Optical Properties include Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) and Visible
Transmittance (VT). Solar Heat Gain Coefficient is an energy performance
rating that measures the fraction of incident solar radiation admitted
through the total window or door assembly. The lower the number, the better
the product is at resisting Solar Heat Gain. Visible Transmittance is an
energy performance rating that measures the amount of visible light transmitted
through the total window or door assembly. The higher the number, the more
daylight a product lets in.
The Energy Star Label we now put
on the window is used in conjunction with the NFRC program. We apply the
Energy Star label only on the windows with Low-E and Argon (ClimaTech).
The Energy Star program requires window and door products meet certain
standards for U-Value and Solar Heat Gain Coefficient as well as Visible
The Department of Energy has established
three climate regions; the Northern which is mostly heating, the Central
which is heating and cooling, and the Southern which is mostly cooling.
To comply with Energy Star requirements a product must meet the following
||U-Value of 0.35 or below
||U-Value of 0.40 or below
||SHGC of 0.55 or below
||U-Value of 0.75 or below
||SHGC of 0.40 or below
With our Low-E/Argon package we can
qualify anywhere in the United States with any of our windows. To apply
the Energy Star label to a window, it must also be accompanied by the NFRC
When the window leaves the manufacturing
plant it should always have three labels on it with the fourth label dependent
on the glass option. The AAMA Gold label, NFRC Temporary label, and Warranty
label should be on every window shipped, and the Energy Star label is added
when any window uses Low-E and Argon.